Native and widespread but rare
Barbastelles do not look like any other species: they have a distinctive, flattened face, with broad ears that meet at their base. Their face and ears are black and they have very dark, silky fur that has white tips, giving it a ‘frosted’ look. They emerge at dusk to feed on small insects, often over water. Their broad wings enable them to fly slowly and skilfully, and to pick up insects from leaves or in flight. On the continent, they are known to be highly migratory and have been recorded travelling more than 100km.
Wingspan: 24 – 29cm
Weight: 6 – 13g
Lifespan: Up to 24 years
Mating occurs in early autumn at the end of the nursery roost period and the females form small maternity colonies the following spring. A single pup (or occasionally twins) is born in July or early August and is weaned by six weeks.
Small moths, flies and beetles
Deciduous woodland, wet meadows and water bodies such as wooded river valleys.
Mostly in hollow trees, under bark, and in roof spaces of old buildings.
Caves, tunnels, cellars and hollow tree trunks. They frequently move between winter roosts and may forage in mild weather.
Loss of deciduous woodland habitat; and pesticides.
On a bat detector, echolocation calls of barbastelles sound like short, hard smacks in fast and then slow pulses, at about 32kHz.
Status & conservation
Native, widespread but rare. It is a priority species in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.
Population size & distribution
GB population 5,000 (England, 4,500; Wales, 500). The population trend is unknown. Their distribution is wide but thinly spread in southern and central England and Wales. They are absent from Scotland and Ireland.
Did you know?
Barbastelles use different echolocation calls when commuting between sites and when foraging. In light conditions, they will fly with no apparent echolocation.