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Saving greater horseshoe bats in Sussex

Greater horseshoe bats are rare in the UK. They’re found mostly in the southwest and southern Wales. Their numbers are thought to have plummeted from about 300,000 at the turn of the last century to just 9,000 today. They historically made their homes in caves all year round, but their summer roosting habits have changed due to shifts in the climate and an expanding human population. Nowadays, during the summer, they tend to roost in barns and other undisturbed pre- or early Victorian buildings such as coach houses and other outbuildings. Unlike most other bats, horseshoes hang – vampire style – from their feet, with their wings wrapped tightly around them.

Here at PTES, we’re delighted that our friends at mammal conservation charity, Vincent Wildlife Trust (VWT), have found and are going to protect a new greater horseshoe bat roost miles from their stronghold, in West Sussex. Together, with the Sussex Bat Group (SBG), VWT is buying an old building to protect this newly found breeding colony. PTES is delighted to be giving a generous contribution to help save the home of this pioneering breeding colony of bats. The site is 100km east of the bats’ current stronghold in Devon and Dorset – an enormously encouraging sign for a bat that suffered an estimated 90% decline in Britain in the 19th century.

This is a site we must protect

Together with VWT and SBG, we’re working hard to safeguard this rare bat species by purchasing and restoring this roost site in Sussex. This small colony of greater horseshoe bats has chosen to roost in a classic example of a stone-built Victorian stable block. But, unless we act quickly, the property will be put up for sale on the open market. The current owners are keen to see the stables pass into the hands of a conservation body and have given VWT and SBG a window of opportunity to raise the purchase price – and keep the bats safe. The building is in urgent need of repair, so extra funds are needed for renovation works and some enhancements to make this roost site perfect for the bats.

Greater horseshoe bat by Frank Greenaway

Who will own the property?

The property will be owned and managed by VWT which has unparalleled experience looking after and managing horseshoe bat roost sites. VWT is a national wildlife charity which already manages more than 30 reserves for greater and lesser horseshoe bats in Britain and Ireland. So we know the bats will be in safe hands. Sussex Bat Group members will also be involved, helping to monitor and manage the site.

On the road to recovery

The greater horseshoe bat is one of the rarest of Britain’s 18 bat species. It’s estimated that our greater horseshoe bat population fell by over 90% during the last century, with the species becoming confined to parts of Wales and southwest England. Today, there’s much-needed good news. With legal protection and huge conservation efforts, by VWT in particular, the number of greater horseshoe bats is increasing. Since the 1980s, there’s been an increase in their numbers, from a low of around 4,000. And their range is spreading, with small colonies now found outside of their core area. This includes the new pioneer breeding colony recently discovered in West Sussex − a sign of a possible eastward spread and real cause for optimism.

We urgently need your help to protect these bats and their roost. We hope protecting this roost will help provide a wider, more robust stronghold for this threatened species, expanding their range and helping their recovery across the country.

Thank you to everyone who donated to help protect these bats and their roost.

Let's keep in touch...

We'd love to tell you about our conservation work through our regular newsletter Wildlife World, and also how you can save endangered species through volunteering, taking action or donating. You must be 18 or over. The information that you provide will be held by People’s Trust for Endangered Species. For information on how PTES processes personal data, please see our privacy policy.

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